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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-5

Paediatric Head Trauma: A two year review in a newly established Neurosurgical Unit in Kaduna, Nigeria

1 Department of Surgery, BarauDikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna State University, Kaduna Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Saint Gerard Catholic Hospital, Kakuri Kaduna State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S Danjuma
Division of Neurological Surgery, BarauDikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna State University, Kaduna Nigeria

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Paediatric head injury accounts for a large number of emergency room visits. Understanding the pattern of injuries is very important for appropriate treatment with resultant good outcome. The aim of this study is to outline the pattern and outcome of paediatric head trauma in a newly established neurosurgical unit in North-western Nigeria. Patients and Methods: The personal data, mechanism of injury, treatment and outcome was obtained using a proforma from all patients less than 18 years who presented at our accident and emergency unit. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 15.0 for Windows. Result: A total of 37 children were included in the study; 25 were male and 12 were female. The most common mechanism of injury was road traffic accident. Twelve patients required operative neurosurgery for evacuation of haematoma, elevation of depressed skull fracture and burr hole. Majority of the patients had a Glasgow outcome score of 5. Three mortalities were recorded. Conclusion: Road traffic accident is the most common cause of head injury in children and most of our patients recover with good outcome.

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